Ocean Fishing, how to fish in the sea?

Sea Fishing, how to fish in the sea?

Sea fishing is one of the most popular sports in the world, the challenge of catching something unique or a fish that fights hard is not easy to beat. The good thing about sea fishing is that you never stop learning because what works one day may not work as well the next day. The first thing you need to establish as a beginner before starting sea fishing is whether you will be fishing from the shore or from a boat. Most novice anglers will have better access to shore fishing than taking a boat or going out on a charter. If you are interested in trying this exciting activity, the following are some tips, secrets, techniques, and tricks on how to start sea fishing.

Factors to Consider when Sea Fishing

Sea fishing is all about fishing in the open waters. Fishing generally occurs in waters, with targets being big fish that live offshore. We are talking about Marlin, Sailfish, and Tuna… Although these species make for a seriously exciting catch, they are not easy to catch; you have to face the humidity of the sea, fog, wind, rain, and all kinds of weather and work hard to hook them. Sea fishing is not a sport within reach of the weak; the best reward for those tenacious and passionate fishermen. This type of fishing is known for its incredible catches, which are measured in tens of kilograms.

Sea Fishing: Red Sananper Fish
Sea Fishing: Red Sananper Fish

Fishing the sea can be one of the most memorable experiences ever. When it comes to sea fishing, knowing the right technique is important, but there are a few factors that will determine how impressive your experience will be. The following are some of the factors you need to consider when fishing the sea.

The Tides: One of the important events that every fisherman has to consider is the tides. You cannot do good fishing without a basic understanding of the importance of tides and how they occur. Sea water rises, advances, descends and recedes multiple times daily. This rise and fall in sea level are caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and also by the rotation of the Earth and the Moon around each other. These are the movements we refer to as “tides.”

Anyone who has been fishing the sea for a while knows that tides are important when sea fishing. High tide is the best tide for sea fishing, not only because it produces the highest water levels but also because it takes longer for the water to rise or fall and, as a result, generates more water movement. Thus, the fish will spend more time eating and searching for food.

Weather Conditions: The period of the moons is another element to take into consideration. Choosing fishing dates is a bit more under control. Base dates by moon phase are the norm, and fishes have different opinions regarding the full moon and new moon dates, but both will do well and offer different types of fish activity. The Moon can be in the first quarter or the last quarter. These are the periods in which the differences in tidal level are weaker.

High tide levels occur during the day when the moon shows up overhead. During this time, ocean currents rise above normal levels, which means that fish are more active. In addition, the greatest tidal currents occur during a new or full moon phase. These are the times of the month when fishes are more observable on coastal bodies of water. Those who prefer to bait big fish usually go fishing during a day of high tidal flow.

Fish instinct: All fish are born with the instinct to flee from attack, and they are guided by instinct; this instinct drives them to execute certain movements without having a notion of their purpose. One of a fisherman’s best tools is his understanding of fish instincts. The strongest instinct of fish is self-preservation, but they are also subject to other instincts, such as that of reproduction which is one of the most important. Migrations are also an innate phenomenon, originating in the instincts of conservation and reproduction.

This reproductive instinct pushes them to flee the sea, to look for holes in the rocks during high tide. The warm water of the proper spawning grounds and the influx of eggs that creates a nutrient-dense food source for other animals will force the fish to occupy the spot. Therefore, fishermen need to explore the bottoms close to the rocks during the spawning season; there, they will certainly have the opportunity for a great catch.

Breakwaters: The ports are home to many strongholds that provide an almost endless variety of opportunities for anglers. The shorelines are usually protected by rock and concrete breakwaters. These breakwaters provide more shelter, both behind or near the structure, for plants, fish, and their food from harsh coastal conditions such as high waves and strong currents. Fish are attracted to breakwaters, particularly in the winter when the cold drives them into deeper water. When fishing the sea, you need to be able to handle the strong tides that wash around these structures and to be able to catch good fish from the high fishing spots. Breakwaters that run out into deeper water are good for winter fishing when the larger species go to spawn, and the remaining fish seek more stable conditions to find food.

The breakwater on stilts: Fishing Breakwater on stilts is one of the perfect ways to introduce beginners to sea fishing. This is because they give access to deeper water without the need to cast very far. It is more favorable for the practice of sea fishing. This involves fishing from a structure that uses stilts to support a large platform. These stilts serve several purposes when fishing the breakwater. Basically, they rip or upset the current, creating areas of still or swirling water. The current will transport food to scavenger fish waiting in the calm spots. Some species may stay near the breakwater because the stilts offer a place to forage, while predators will move in and out with the tide and current.

The Port: The Port Wall is rich for fishing, and with all its docks, they are accessible to fishermen. Various types of fishing can be practiced here, either with material suitable for sea fishing or with material used for freshwater fishing. The port wall is a great attraction for fish, and many species like wrasses and pollock can be seen living within the weed and rocks at the base of the wall. Taking a look at the port during low tide can help you identify potential hiding places for fish during high tide

The Beach: Beach is one of the best sea fishing venues for atmosphere and heart-thumping fishing excitement, as the sound of the pounding waves awakens the basic angling instincts. Here you can practice surfcasting fishing and plant numerous rods on the different beaches of the ports and surroundings, waiting for fish to take the bait. Most of the fish are found within the surf line and often very close to shore, meaning this type of fishing is not for anglers who like to stay still. The waves are in constant motion, and herein lay the tactic of catching fish to eat, your bait.

Deep sea fishing: Deep sea fishing can be an exciting adventure indeed, especially for those who love fishing the ocean. It involves trolling deep waters with the large fishing tackle to fight these large sea predators. The kinds of fish that are usually associated with the deep sea are those that live below the photic zone of the ocean. For novice fishermen, deep-sea fishing can be scary, but technological advancements in boats, engines, electronics, and gear have made it simpler and safer than ever.

It can be more difficult to find fish in the open ocean than in shallow water, but the same principles apply. With the right water temperature, weather, bait, and current, you can find fish on any structure. When fishing near the shore, look for predators that use the shoreline as a natural barrier to corral bait because big fish surprisingly come close to shore. Look for fish congregating around variations in bottom structures and where water on the beach returns to the sea. The fish will also prefer areas with submerged grass or exposed rocks. So, it’s important to watch for shallow water or big waves when drifting, trolling, or casting along the shoreline.

High Sea: The high seas are those waters that extend beyond the exclusive economic zone or seaward for a distance of 200 miles. You need a permit to fish in the high sea. Holders of this permit must comply with international agreements on marine living resources, including any action to enforce such agreements. Permit holders are required to record all deep-sea fishing efforts.

Rocks, reefs, and wrecks: When fishing the sea, rocks, reefs, and wrecks are some of the best places to start because they provide a home for every kind of species in the food chain. Fish love to hide from the ocean currents here, and we will help you discover their hiding place.  When fishing the sea near natural or artificial reefs, look for fish that live in the structure or patrol the outer edges of the structure. While some species are year-round residents, others only come to a structure under specific water conditions. When hunting high-speed predators like tuna and sailfish, it is best to troll with high-speed baits or slows trolling with live bait. These structures are easy to find on sea maps, making it an ideal place to start sea fishing.

Hills and Sea Mounts: Hills and seamounts divert the current and create ideal spots for sea fishing. Sea mounts can provide fish with more favorable water conditions where water temperature, light level, or salinity may be out of range for certain species at the bottom of a seamount but only at the top. So, always look for differences in surface conditions like ripples, rips, or tide lines when fishing near these structures since that could be signs of change in salinity, water temperature, clarity, or current. These structures can stretch for miles, so the best fishing gear for hills and sea mounts is natural baits and artificial baits. Sea mounts and hills are often marked on sea charts, which makes these structures easy for fishermen to locate. Look for the perfect water and weather conditions on a hill or sea mounts, and chances are you will find fish there.

Canyons and continental shelf: The canyons and the continental shelf are home to a large number of fish species. These structure force nutrient-rich waters to rise from the depths to feed the entire food chain, making them the perfect place for sea fishing trips. Species like sailfish, tuna, and dolphins hunt in the upper half of the water column, while giant fishes like groupers and snappers lurk at the bottom. When fishing offshore on the continental shelf, fishermen often use trawls with natural baits or artificial baits.

Five Factors Affect Where and When Fish Will Feed

The structure: Most experience fishermen understand that all the world’s oceans experience tides and that both high and low tides affect fish feeding behavior. The fish will generally move to the shallows or beaches to feed on the rising or incoming tide. When the tide goes out, the fish tend to follow the current into deeper water. Water movement and tidal cycles are generally considered important in marine environments.

Water Temperature: Temperature affects many processes that are directly or indirectly related to fish food demand and feeding activity. The optimal temperature range is the range in which feeding occurs and where there are no signs of abnormal behavior associated with temperature stress. Fish food intake increases with maximum temperatures and then decreases more or less drastically at higher-than-ideal temperatures. Fish will continue to feed at temperatures beyond those at which intake is highest. Sudden changes in temperature can cause noticeable changes in the fish feeding activity.

Current: Waves and currents of water can affect fish feeding. The height and frequency of the waves can have an impact on the fish’s feeding. Currents affect the availability of nutrients for plant growth and thus the availability of food for sea fish. Fish larvae and eggs, including other animals, float with the currents from spawning grounds to nursery spots, where they munch and grow. Also, the current influence the bottom-dwelling species like lobsters, crabs, and shellfish settle as adults

The climate: In cooler waters, fish tend to move very slowly and generally require less food to sustain them. In warmer waters, they are more active and, as a result, require more food to survive. They are also impacted by water temperatures in other ways as well.

Bait: This is one of the key factors that affect fish feeding habits. For example, when it comes to choosing the best bait for bass, the size of the bait has been proven to have a significant impact on fish feeding habits. For example, smaller baits tend to catch smaller bass, while big baits catch big bass.

Tricks and Advice on Sea Fishing

Sea fishing is a wonderful and extremely enjoyable form of fishing. This is a type of fishing that requires a trip out into the sea to catch some saltwater species. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced angler, the following paragraphs will give you the best Sea fishing tips and tricks to make your saltwater fishing adventures even better.

Practice: Sea fishing can be a dangerous sport if you don’t know what you are doing. Before you embark on a fishing trip, you need to do a little bit of preparation and learn everything there is to know about it. To be an expert in sea fishing, you must practice before venturing into the sea. You can tag along with an experienced angler or a trusted friend before you sail on your boat.

Fishing equipment: If you don’t have the proper sea fishing gear, you can’t go sea fishing. Making sure you have all the necessary equipment is the first step in ensuring a successful sea fishing adventure. Clean the reel and rod with fresh water after use before storing to eliminate all salt and saltwater corrosion hazards.

Weather: Make sure you check the forthcoming weather forecasts before going sea fishing. This is because you need a calm sea for sea fishing. A windy day will result in a bumpy trip, and the possibility of seasickness increases in bad weather. And since conditions like currents, wind, temperature, and tides can have a significant impact on where different species of fish live, it is a good idea to check all conditions before you are ready to sail.

Moon phases: If you intend to go sea fishing, keep in mind that the new moon will cause a more pronounced tidal movement due to the force of gravity. When there is more water movement, there is also more bait movement and more fish-feeding activity. The new moon phase is the lunar phase that brings the best results for fishing. The moon’s influence is moderate during the first quarter phase, and the chances for the fish to feed are normal, even though they lose strength.

Mon Phases – Souce https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/resources/676/phases-of-the-moon/

 Compared to the new moon phase, the full moon is the most important period to get the fish to bite. This is because of their resistance to taking the bait. And the last quarter phase is when you can get positive results because the fish will easily take the bait, and the number of bites will gradually increase.

Regulation: This is something anglers need to be aware of before going fishing. There is a common belief that sea anglers have the right to fish in the sea without restriction. But it is naive and a way to get into trouble to think that all sea fishing and related activities are completely free of any kind of restriction. You must know the local fishing regulations since each place has its own ways of operation and rules

Fishing knots: Every angler should know the importance of fishing knots and the best way to attach the bait to the line. Without a good and reliable knot, even an expert can miss opportunities. A badly tied knot can make you miss or lose those fish you were looking for, even if you have the best fishing rod. The following are some of the recommendations on how to maintain a good Fishing knot.

  • Fishing knots and lines must be well lubricated before tightening hard, so saliva and water are recommended as they give good results.
  • Tighten your knots very tightly and try to keep the pressure constant at all times.
  • When you manage to catch a big fish, it is best to re-tie your knot as it may have been damaged due to the strong tension to which it has been subjected during the catch.
  • Remember that the important thing is not to be a teacher who knows all types of fishing knots but to master a few and know how to make them perfect.

Keep a logbook: In my opinion, keeping a record of the waters you fish, the details, and the conditions of your catch is a key tool in the development of an angler. Records help us remember important and precise events that may have affected the fish bite that day. Also, you can write down the lures and baits that worked best in each location. This will serve as a personal record that you can refer to before each future fishing trip, leading to more catches on your next fishing trip.

Live Baits: One great tip about sea fishing is that your baits must be fresh, appropriate, and generous. Few fishermen are in the position to collect their own, and they only look for a high-quality supplier, pay the price and stick with him. If you are using live bait for sea fishing, it is important to take care of them. Keep them in cold water since the oxygen level decreases as the water temperature rises

Nautical charts: A nautical chart’s function is to provide anglers with up-to-date information to navigate the seas safely, minimizing the chance of getting stuck and avoiding restricted regions. It has information of great importance to fishermen, and without it, fishermen could be in danger or in violation of local laws. Many of these chats come with marked hotspots, like wrecks and reefs, including man-made structures. So, before you go fishing, check which areas are preferred by the fish you want to catch.

Hook Setting: Have you ever had a hook come flying back toward the boat when you respond to a fish’s strike? If yes, you will understand how important it is to set the hook.  Though many people set the hook too soon, for the best hook set, it is important to wait until the weight of the fish is obvious at the end of the line.

The Catch: While fishing, if you catch a fish, it is important to put it straight on the ice. To improve the meat, the blood should also be drained immediately. Keep in mind that you are in the open sea, and from the time you fish until you get to the port, many hours can pass, so you need to preserve your catches.

The Top 10 of sea fishing, the big sea fish

Sea fishing is a very exciting sport where you can catch some of the most sought-after saltwater species. That catch that every fisherman wants to get once in a lifetime. These are the ones you should never miss if you want to be a great sea fisherman.  The following are the top 10 catches on our list.

Blue Marlin: One of the most popular game fish is the blue marlin. They are clever, powerful, fast, and very acrobatic. Blue Marlin is one of the most difficult to catch and most valuable. They are found in tropical and warm ocean waters, where they can reach lengths of up to 14 feet and weigh more than 2,000 pounds. Marlin was discovered by North American sports fishermen in the 1920s around the Bahamas. Since then, marlin fishing has grown into a multi-billion dollar industry.

Marlin Sport fishing costa rica
Marlin Sportfishing Costa Rica

Sailfish: They are powerful predators that are among the fastest fish in the sea. Their incredible swimming speed can reach 110 kilometers per hour. Sailfish are also known for their jumping power, which makes catching them very exciting. Their habitat extends all over the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.

Sailfish in Costa Rica
Sailfish in Costa Rica

Yellowfin Tuna: Yellowfin tuna is perhaps one of the best-tasting and most sought-after game fish for their commercial value. Because of their size and resistance, Yellowfin tuna are typically challenging to catch, which is why it is called the raging bull of the sea. Yellowfin tuna fishing is one of the most sought-after adventures by experienced fishermen. They have incredible stamina and often reach massive sizes.

Yellowfin tuna in costa rica
Yellowfin tuna in Costa Rica

Rooster Fish: Roostersfish is fast and powerful fish that live in the warm coastal regions of the eastern Pacific Ocean and are identified by their large comb-like dorsal fin. They are not good for eating, but anglers love to catch them due to their tenacity, speed, and jumping ability.


Dorado – Mahi Mahi: Because of their delicious fillet and extra-strong fight, Dorado has become one of the most popular game fish. These beautiful, multicolored pelagic fish are found throughout the world in tropical and temperate waters and can grow up to 18 inches per year. They are challenging to catch, and besides being beautiful, their meaty flavor is one of the most appreciated.

Dorado Mahi Mahi
Dorado Mahi Mahi

Tarpon: Speaking of jumping fish, the tarpon is known not only for its size but also for its ability to jump six to ten feet out of the water. They are large and fast and can range from 1m to 2.5m in length and weigh around 25kg to 125kg. They are found throughout the Atlantic Ocean but have recently migrated to the Pacific Ocean through the Panama Canal.

Tarpon In Costa Rica
Tarpon Fish

Giant Trevally: Also known as the humble trevally, giant trevally is a species of large sea fish categorized in the trevally family. If you have ever hooked one, you will understand why. They are big, fast, and strong and put up a tough fight once hooked. Presently, they are among the most sought-after sport fish in the Indo-Pacific.

Amberjack: This is an exciting fish to catch, a large fish with an olive or dark green stripe from the snout to the eye. This fish is prized by sports fishermen for its strength and size. It goes from forty to over a hundred and forty pounds. When hooked, you can fight with one for over an hour; they don’t want you to win. If you catch one, hold your ground, and don’t give up, the final catch will be worth the fight.

Catching Skipjack Tuna
Catching Skipjack Tuna

King Salmon: King salmon, or Chinook, is one of the most popular types of saltwater fish. As its name suggests, King Salmon is the largest of the species. Their huge size makes this fish a tough opponent. They are often considered the tastiest and prized because of their thick, moist, and smooth texture that makes their meat look like a complete treat.

Swordfish: Swordfish are huge seawater fish found in tropical and temperate waters around the world. Swordfish is a large predatory fish with a flat and long pointed beak. They are popular sport fish from the billfish family. One of the fastest swimmers in the world, they can reach speeds of about 60 miles per hour. They weigh between 200 to 400 pounds on average but can grow to over 1,100 pounds and 15 feet in length.


 As you can see, this post provides important information for both beginners and experienced anglers. We hope these sea fishing tips help you be ready so you can get an exciting catch on your big day. Don’t forget that sea fishing requires patience and diligent practice. Get the best tackle and enjoy this rewarding and exciting kind of sport fishing.